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乾隆孝粉汉白玉碗----精品推荐

http://www.baidu.com/ 2021-03-22 22:12


简介:

【藏.荐】栏为藏品强大的传播效应向各位买家推荐经国家一级鉴定专家甄选的艺术珍品,为藏家牵线搭桥,让千百件艺术珍品价值被发掘与重视,在拍卖会上得以高价成交。

【名        称】:  乾隆孝粉汉白玉碗

【藏 品 类 型】:    玉器

【藏 品 年代】:  清代

【藏 品 信 息】: 一件

中华民族有着悠久的用玉史与造玉史。相传,早在清代,赏石藏石之风盛行,帝王对奇石、玉石、园林非常崇尚,并雕刻建设了大量汉白玉雕件:汉白玉狮子、汉白玉碗罐等。清代琢玉的规模、种类,在中国古代玉雕史上是空前绝后的。其工艺水平集历代工艺之大成,掀起了中国古代最后一个造玉高潮,它艺术成就中最有代表性的便是“乾隆时期”。而早在2000多年前我国就发现了汉白玉这么高洁素雅的原料,利用这种优质原料进行雕刻的艺术创作,也已经有2000多年的历史了。而近几年来流传下来的汉白玉作品的市场行情越来越好,拍卖成交报价屡创新高。汉白玉历经千百年来经久不衰,可见其魅力之大,价值之高

The Chinese nation has a long history of using and making jade. It is said that as early as the Qing Dynasty, the trend of appreciating and storing stones was very popular. The emperors highly valued the rare stones, jade and gardens, and carved and constructed a large number of white marble Carvings: white marble lions, white marble bowls and jars. The scale and types of jade carving in Qing Dynasty are unprecedented in the history of ancient Chinese jade carving. The most representative of its artistic achievements is the "Qianlong period". As early as more than 2000 years ago, China found such high-quality and elegant raw materials as white marble. It has a history of more than 2000 years to use this high-quality raw material for carving art creation. In recent years, the market of white marble works has been getting better and better, and the auction price has reached a new high. Han white jade has been enduring for thousands of years, which shows its great charm and high value

汉白玉是一种名贵的建筑材料,它洁白无瑕,质地坚实而又细腻,非常容易雕刻,古往今来的名贵建筑多采用它作原料,成为千百年来皇宫王府庭院雕刻石材的首选。汉白玉色泽呈乳白色,清雅纯净,却富有贵气,以独有的魅力触动了世人的神经,颇受人们喜爱。关于汉白玉名称的由来,人们众说纷纭。相传从中国古代起,多用这种石料制作宫殿的石阶和护栏,被历代人人墨客诵吟诵唱,所谓“玉砌雕栏”华丽如玉,所以称作汉白玉;也有一种说法是,从我国汉代起就用这种宛若美玉的石材修建宫殿,装饰庙宇,雕刻佛像,点缀殿堂。因为是从汉代开始使用这种建筑材料故称汉白玉;还有一种说法是汉白玉的“汉”字本应就是流汗的“汗”,汗字代表了汉白玉最鲜为人知的一个特征,真正的汉白玉,并非真的洁白无瑕,而是洁白中隐藏着浅浅的纹路,就像是出汗的印记一样。当然,最为大众接受的说法是我国从汉代开始就使用这种洁白无瑕的美玉来做建筑材料,人们就顺口称之为汉白玉。

Hanbai jade is a kind of precious building material. It is white and flawless, solid and delicate, and very easy to carve. It has been widely used as raw material in ancient and modern precious buildings, and has become the first choice for carving stone in imperial palace courtyard for thousands of years. Hanbai jade is milky white in color, elegant and pure, but rich in noble spirit. It touches the nerves of the world with its unique charm and is popular among people.

There are different opinions on the origin of the name of Hanbai jade. It is said that since ancient China, this kind of stone has been used to make the stone steps and guardrails of palaces, which has been chanted by all the poets in the past dynasties. The so-called "jade carved Hurdles" are as gorgeous as jade, so they are called Hanbai jade. There is also a saying that since the Han Dynasty, palaces have been built, temples decorated, Buddha statues carved and halls decorated with this kind of stone. Because this kind of building material was used in the Han Dynasty, it is called Hanbai jade. There is another saying that the word "Han" of Hanbai jade should be sweating. The word "Han" represents one of the most unknown characteristics of Hanbai jade. The real Hanbai jade is not really white, but there are shallow lines hidden in the white, just like the mark of sweating. Of course, the most popular saying is that China has been using this kind of pure and white jade as building materials since the Han Dynasty, and people call it Hanbai jade.

乾隆孝粉玉碗的来历,其中有一段故事:乃是乾隆皇帝他母亲当时生病,经过御医治疗研发中药必须配合玉器使用才能达到最佳疗效。为此乾隆皇帝连夜命令工匠赶制出玉碗-玉蝶-玉杯-玉瓶等。史料记载:当时乾隆命人制造材质是汉白玉的,有花纹的,也有八卦纹的实用器,共64套,除了给母亲医药用外,还赏赐给个别当朝大臣。但是由于上百年的历史,使得这些套件都不完整,有些随着官员过世,埋入土中。分散到了民间。后期被后人誉为“乾隆孝粉”。

汉白玉虽质地较为坚硬,但却脆弱易碎,所以汉白玉雕刻的艺术品极其稀罕。因为能称得上艺术品的,都必须用顶级的汉白玉,因为只有用顶级汉白玉才可以上数千万年不风化,次料,普通汉白玉则不同,风化年限较早,长的几十年,短的几年,有的甚至当年就风化,还有的刚几年就存在石层石线开裂现象。此件汉白玉碗,即选用上等汉白玉制成,材质十分精美,用灯光打照,整体十分通透,有玉质光感,碗内外部均暗刻花纹,整幅画面繁而不乱,却显得生机勃勃,春意盎然,给人一种新鲜、活泼、清新的感觉。底部刻有篆书,上书“乾隆年制”。其工艺十分复杂,就算在宫廷也是稀有之物,收藏价值极高,温润的玉材均不作任何人为沁色,规整的器形端庄雅致,充分体现了乾隆时期的审美趣味,是当时汉白玉碗的杰作。且流传有序,堪称精品,更应珍藏。

There is a story about the origin of the jade bowl of Emperor Qianlong's Filial Piety: Emperor Qianlong's mother was ill at that time. After being treated by the imperial doctors, the traditional Chinese medicine must be used with jade ware to achieve the best curative effect. For this reason, Emperor Qianlong ordered craftsmen to make jade bowls, jade butterflies, jade cups, jade bottles and so on. Historical records: at that time, Qianlong ordered people to make 64 sets of practical utensils, which were made of white marble, with patterns and eight trigrams. In addition to medicine for their mothers, they were also awarded to some ministers of the current Dynasty. However, due to the history of hundreds of years, these kits are not complete. Some of them were buried in the soil with the death of officials. It spread to the people. Later, it was praised as "Qianlong Xiaofen" by later generations.

Although the texture of Hanbai jade is relatively hard, it is fragile and fragile, so the carving works of Hanbai jade are extremely rare. Because the works of art can be called works of art, we must use the top-level white marble, because only the top-level white marble can be used for tens of millions of years without weathering. The secondary materials are different from the ordinary white marble. The weathering period is earlier, several decades longer, a few years shorter, some even weathering in the same year, and some even cracking in the stone layer and stone line just a few years ago. This white marble bowl is made of superior white marble. The material is very exquisite. It is illuminated by light. The whole bowl is transparent and has a jade light sense. The inside and outside of the bowl are dark engraved with patterns. The whole picture is complicated but not chaotic, but it is full of vitality and spring, giving people a fresh, lively and fresh feeling. At the bottom is a seal script with the inscription "Qianlong year system". Its craft is very complex, even in the palace is also a rare thing, collection value is very high, warm jade materials are not for any artificial color, regular shape dignified and elegant, fully reflects the aesthetic taste of the Qianlong period, is the masterpiece of the Han white jade bowl at that time. And spread orderly, can be regarded as fine, should be treasured.

当前玉器市场上“乾隆玉”是一大霸主,玉器拍卖纪录多数是由“乾隆玉”创造的。相对于其他时代的玉器,乾隆时期的玉器“天价”频出,可见在收藏家心目中有着不可替代的地位。

At present, "Qianlong jade" is a big overlord in the jade market, and most of the jade auction records are created by "Qianlong jade". Compared with the jade wares of other times, the jade wares of Qianlong period had a high price, which showed that they had an irreplaceable position in the minds of collectors.

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