【名 称】: 乾隆孝粉汉白玉碗
【藏 品 类 型】: 玉器
【藏 品 年代】： 清代
【藏 品 信 息】: 一件
The Chinese nation has a long history of using and making jade. It is said that as early as the Qing Dynasty, the trend of appreciating and storing stones was very popular. The emperors highly valued the rare stones, jade and gardens, and carved and constructed a large number of white marble Carvings: white marble lions, white marble bowls and jars. The scale and types of jade carving in Qing Dynasty are unprecedented in the history of ancient Chinese jade carving. The most representative of its artistic achievements is the "Qianlong period". As early as more than 2000 years ago, China found such high-quality and elegant raw materials as white marble. It has a history of more than 2000 years to use this high-quality raw material for carving art creation. In recent years, the market of white marble works has been getting better and better, and the auction price has reached a new high. Han white jade has been enduring for thousands of years, which shows its great charm and high value
Hanbai jade is a kind of precious building material. It is white and flawless, solid and delicate, and very easy to carve. It has been widely used as raw material in ancient and modern precious buildings, and has become the first choice for carving stone in imperial palace courtyard for thousands of years. Hanbai jade is milky white in color, elegant and pure, but rich in noble spirit. It touches the nerves of the world with its unique charm and is popular among people.
There are different opinions on the origin of the name of Hanbai jade. It is said that since ancient China, this kind of stone has been used to make the stone steps and guardrails of palaces, which has been chanted by all the poets in the past dynasties. The so-called "jade carved Hurdles" are as gorgeous as jade, so they are called Hanbai jade. There is also a saying that since the Han Dynasty, palaces have been built, temples decorated, Buddha statues carved and halls decorated with this kind of stone. Because this kind of building material was used in the Han Dynasty, it is called Hanbai jade. There is another saying that the word "Han" of Hanbai jade should be sweating. The word "Han" represents one of the most unknown characteristics of Hanbai jade. The real Hanbai jade is not really white, but there are shallow lines hidden in the white, just like the mark of sweating. Of course, the most popular saying is that China has been using this kind of pure and white jade as building materials since the Han Dynasty, and people call it Hanbai jade.
There is a story about the origin of the jade bowl of Emperor Qianlong's Filial Piety: Emperor Qianlong's mother was ill at that time. After being treated by the imperial doctors, the traditional Chinese medicine must be used with jade ware to achieve the best curative effect. For this reason, Emperor Qianlong ordered craftsmen to make jade bowls, jade butterflies, jade cups, jade bottles and so on. Historical records: at that time, Qianlong ordered people to make 64 sets of practical utensils, which were made of white marble, with patterns and eight trigrams. In addition to medicine for their mothers, they were also awarded to some ministers of the current Dynasty. However, due to the history of hundreds of years, these kits are not complete. Some of them were buried in the soil with the death of officials. It spread to the people. Later, it was praised as "Qianlong Xiaofen" by later generations.
Although the texture of Hanbai jade is relatively hard, it is fragile and fragile, so the carving works of Hanbai jade are extremely rare. Because the works of art can be called works of art, we must use the top-level white marble, because only the top-level white marble can be used for tens of millions of years without weathering. The secondary materials are different from the ordinary white marble. The weathering period is earlier, several decades longer, a few years shorter, some even weathering in the same year, and some even cracking in the stone layer and stone line just a few years ago. This white marble bowl is made of superior white marble. The material is very exquisite. It is illuminated by light. The whole bowl is transparent and has a jade light sense. The inside and outside of the bowl are dark engraved with patterns. The whole picture is complicated but not chaotic, but it is full of vitality and spring, giving people a fresh, lively and fresh feeling. At the bottom is a seal script with the inscription "Qianlong year system". Its craft is very complex, even in the palace is also a rare thing, collection value is very high, warm jade materials are not for any artificial color, regular shape dignified and elegant, fully reflects the aesthetic taste of the Qianlong period, is the masterpiece of the Han white jade bowl at that time. And spread orderly, can be regarded as fine, should be treasured.
At present, "Qianlong jade" is a big overlord in the jade market, and most of the jade auction records are created by "Qianlong jade". Compared with the jade wares of other times, the jade wares of Qianlong period had a high price, which showed that they had an irreplaceable position in the minds of collectors.
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