【名 称】: 乾隆通宝
【藏 品 类 型】: 杂项
【藏 品 年代】： 清代
【藏 品 信 息】: 一枚
Money is a tool to measure price, a medium to buy goods, and a means to preserve wealth. "I give what I have to the market in exchange for what I need." this is the use of money. However, in the earliest society, there was no such saying as "money". People generally bartered to get what they wanted through exchange, and then money was born as the intermediate medium of barter. China has been using currency for more than 4000 years, and it is also one of the earliest countries in the world. The earliest currency we use is seashells, and the traces of seashells are also found in the prehistoric cultural sites excavated today.
China's currency not only has a long history, but also has many kinds, forming a different currency culture from other countries. As the earliest currency, seashells were in short supply with the development of commodity economy. At last, artificial currency was born. Later, with the development of the times, copper metal currency appeared. After the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period, the history of shellfish as currency has become a thing of the past. During this period, people have not yet formed a unified currency, and there are coins in every region. After the Qin Dynasty destroyed the six states, it took fangkong banliang coin as legal tender, so the ancient form of currency in China was fixed, and this form continued to be used until the end of the Qing Dynasty.
In today's antique collection world, collectors collect a wide range of things, some like porcelain, some like calligraphy and painting, and coins, as legal tender, play an important role in the process of commodity exchange. Money is only used as works of art and cultural relics. It is also favored by collectors. Sometimes money can be seen in the auction house. Both modern money and ancient money have collection value. Each kind of money is closely related to the politics, economy and culture of that time, so money is also one of the objects that can reflect history. With the continuous progress of time, the longer the time is, the less the currency is issued, which becomes the hot spot in the eyes of currency collectors.
In 1735, Emperor Gaozong of the Qing Dynasty ascended the throne and changed the Yuan Dynasty to Qianlong. The requirement of casting "Qianlong Tongbao" is still one coin and two cents, which is more exquisite than that of Yongzheng. At first, the Qing government continued to implement the policy of deflation. First, in the fourth year of Qianlong reign, Baohe, Baogong and Baoji bureaus were suspended. In the fifth year of Qianlong reign, Baofu Bureau was opened, Baogui Bureau was opened in the seventh year, and Baozhi Bureau was opened in the tenth year. Before the Qianlong Dynasty, there was no tin in the coin making process. It was made of copper, lead and zinc, which was called "yellow coin". In the fifth year of Qianlong, it was stipulated that two percent of tin should be added to the coin casting copper, which was called "green coin". Officials say it's to stop private money, but in fact it's weight loss. "In the 40th year of Qianlong reign, the situation of private casting became more and more prosperous, and the officials of various provinces stole the casting. The government had no way to do anything about it. In addition, the copper production in Yunnan decreased year by year, which led to the soaring copper price and the rising cost of casting money. The Qing government then adopted the deflation policy, stopped casting Baozhi, Dali, Guangxi, Lin'an and other bureaus, and encouraged merchants to import copper materials from overseas. However, these measures failed to fundamentally solve the problem. Although private casting decreased, official money did not increase, and private transactions lacked money, so the phenomenon of using ancient money appeared. Fifty years after the reign of Emperor Qianlong, Baozhi and other bureaus were set up one after another. At the same time, the standard of coin casting was relaxed. As a result, the quality of coin making in the later period of Emperor Qianlong was uneven.
Qianlong Tongbao was the currency in circulation during the Qianlong period. In the 60 years from 1736 to 1795, the reign of Emperor Qianlong lasted for 60 years. During the reign of Emperor Qianlong, the number of coins cast was far more than that of Yongzheng and Shunzhi Tongbao. During the reign of Emperor Qianlong, it was the last golden age in the history of our country. Because the homonym of "Qianlong" was "Qianlong", Qianlong Tongbao became the coin that many collectors scrambled to collect.
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