【名 称】: 青铜麒麟摆件一对
【藏 品 类 型】: 铜器
【藏 品 年代】： 清代
【藏 品 信 息】:麒麟一对 金童玉女
The ancients called the male Qi and the female Lin. Song Shu: a unicorn is a benevolent beast. The tree is called Qi, and the female is called Lin. Qilin is an auspicious God's pet, which is in charge of peace and longevity. Because of its profound cultural connotation, Qilin is made into various ornaments and ornaments for wearing and placing at home in traditional Chinese folk rituals, with the intention of praying for happiness and safety.
Every time Kirin appears, it will be a very special period. According to records, Confucius is closely related to Kirin. It is said that Kirin appeared before Confucius was born and before his death. It is said that before Confucius was born, Kirin vomited a jade book in his courtyard. The book said that "the son of Shuijing is the king of Suzhou". In the spring and Autumn Annals of the fourteenth year of AI Gong, Confucius mentioned "hunting for the west to get the Lin", for which Confucius shed tears and said "my way" I'm poor. Confucius once wrote a song: "in the Tang Dynasty, when the Yu people came to visit Linfeng, why do you come here? Lin Xi, Lin Xi, I'm worried. " Soon after his death, Confucius was regarded as a symbol of Confucianism.
From its external shape, it integrates lion's head, deer's antlers, tiger's eye, Milu's body, dragon's scales and ox's tail; its tail is hairy like a dragon's tail, with one horn with meat. But it is said that Kirin's body is like a musk deer. It was regarded as a God by the ancients.
Qilin is a God that ancient Chinese believed existed. In many Chinese folklores, although there are not many stories about the unicorn, its unique value and supernatural are reflected everywhere in people's life.
From ancient times to the present, there are many talented people who show the image of Kirin in various forms. Since the rise of bronze culture, the bronze Unicorn has become more and more popular. The image of Unicorn made of copper makes people touch it, so that the image of Unicorn in people's mind becomes more clear.
There is a saying among Chinese people that a unicorn gives away his son. Another image of a unicorn is dragon head, horse body and dragon scale. The tail hair is like a dragon tail. Its comprehensive aspect is not as extensive as dragon and Phoenix, but its fame is not small.
Qilin is the most expected auspicious animal in China. Their appearance shows the happiness of a generation. Therefore, people hope that Kirin will always be with them, bring them luck and light, and get rid of bad luck. When the belief of ancient times was passed down, the auspicious meaning of Kirin was also recognized by the general public and firmly existed in people's consciousness. Kirin became a symbol of some idea, an expression of some artistic conception, a display of some power, and inspired people's imagination, guiding people's spirit to fit some idea and enter a specific realm To give people hope, comfort and some pursuit of power, into folk life, performance in all aspects of national culture.
Qilin culture is an old Chinese birth custom. It is said that Qilin is a benevolent pet and a symbol of good luck. It can bring people children. On the eve of Confucius' birth, Qilin wrote a book on jade in his home, which said, "descendants of Shuijing will decline from Zhou Dynasty to suwang", which means that he has the virtue of an emperor but does not occupy his position. Although this theory is false, it is actually the origin of "Qilin's sending children", which is recorded in Wang Chong's Lun Heng Ding Xian and Wang Jia's Shi Yi Ji. Among the people, it is known as "qilin'er" and "lin'er". In the northern and Southern Dynasties, the intelligent and lovely boy was often called "my unicorn". Since then, it has been the work of "the picture of Qilin sending children". As a wood painting, the couplet "unicorn in the sky, number one scholar on the ground" is engraved on it as a good omen. It is generally believed that a child can be born by worshiping a unicorn.
Song of Xu Qing's two sons written by Du Fu of Tang Dynasty: "it's amazing that you don't see Xu Qing's two sons. The feeling is auspicious and the dream follows. Confucius' Shi Shi Shi's hand held and sent him, and he was a Kirin in heaven. " Hu Pu'an quoted the popular poem of the new age in Changzhi in his "national customs of China. Hunan" as follows: "it's strange that women can conceive by encircling dragons, and it's also strange that they are obsessed with seeking children. The real dragon is not as good as the paper dragon. It can be used as a Linlin to send children. " The original note: "if a woman has been barren for many years, when the dragon lantern comes home, she will be given a gift. The dragon body will surround the woman once, and the dragon body will be shortened. She will ride a child and walk around the hall. It is called Linqi's gift." According to the fact that Linqi belongs to the Dragon nationality, this is the one who replaced Qiqi with a dragon lantern.
Seeking and raising children：
The traditional Chinese concept of childbearing is to hope to be born early, to have more children, to have more children, to have more children, and to have more blessings. It also regards the inability to have children and to carry on the family line as the biggest unfilial. This traditional concept is deeply rooted and has influenced generations. No matter from women's pregnancy to the birth of a baby, baixie'er, and other celebrations, all of them reflect people's unremitting efforts to pray for happiness. It is believed that Qilin can not only send but also protect children, because Qilin once came to such sages as Confucius. As a result, the folk cultural phenomenon with the theme of "Qilin giving birth to a son" can be seen not only in pictures and prayers, but also in activities at the age of. It has a very wide range of manifestations, and is intended to pray and wish for early birth of a noble son and virtuous future generations.
In modern Changsha, Hunan Province, dragon lantern playing activities were held every new moon. At that time, whenever the dragon lantern charmer comes to the home of an infertile woman, the master will give more gifts and ask the dragon to dance around the infertile woman. Then, the dragon will be shortened, and ride a child on it, and walk around in front of the hall for a week to show that the Kirin gives the child. In some places of Shandong Province, there is also a way of praying for children, in which infertile women hold a paper-bound Kirin with a child to walk around the courtyard or hall, and some people tie colorful embroidery to the corner of the Kirin to give the child away.
As far as the design of "Qilin sending a child" is concerned, it is both complicated and simple. Many of them take the boy as the center, wear a long life lock, hold a lotus and hold a Sheng; or ride a unicorn for the boy, hang a book in the corner; or have a lady escort behind the boy, with an umbrella and a fan. Jane is a boy riding a unicorn and holding a lotus. In the folk print works, there are also many auspicious couplets: "the unicorn in the sky, the number one scholar in the underground.".