【名 称】: 徐悲鸿神驰
【藏 品 类 型】: 字画
【藏 品 年代】：民国
【藏 品 信 息】: 长：105cm 宽：56.8cm
徐悲鸿（1895年7月19日—1953年9月26日），汉族，原名徐寿康，江苏宜兴县屺亭镇人，中国现代画家、美术教育家。1917年，徐悲鸿任北大画法研究会导师，最高学府先后成就了画坛大师徐悲鸿和北大书法史两巨匠沈尹默、李志敏等。  曾留学法国学西画，归国后长期从事美术教育，先后任教于国立中央大学艺术系、北平大学艺术学院和北平艺专。1949年后任中央美术学院院长。擅长人物、走兽、花鸟，主张现实主义，于传统尤推崇任伯年，强调国画改革融入西画技法，作画主张光线、造型，讲求对象的解剖结构、骨骼的准确把握，并强调作品的思想内涵，对当时中国画坛影响甚大，与张书旗、柳子谷三人被称为画坛的“金陵三杰”。所作国画彩墨浑成，尤以奔马享名于世。
Xu Beihong (July 19, 1895 - September 26, 1953), Han nationality, formerly known as Xu Shoukang, was born in Qiting Town, Yixing County, Jiangsu Province. He is a modern Chinese painter and art educator. In 1917, Xu Beihong was appointed as a tutor of Peking University Painting Research Association, and the highest institution of higher learning successively achieved Xu Beihong, a master of painting, Shen Yinmo and Li Zhimin, two masters of Peking University calligraphy history.  He studied western painting in France. After returning to China, he has been engaged in art education for a long time. He has successively taught in the Art Department of National Central University, the Art College of Peking University and the Art College of Peking University. After 1949, he became president of the Central Academy of fine arts. He was good at figures, animals, flowers and birds, advocated realism, especially respected Ren Bonian in the tradition, emphasized the integration of Western painting techniques into the reform of traditional Chinese painting, advocated light and modeling, emphasized the accurate grasp of the anatomical structure and skeleton of the object, and emphasized the ideological connotation of the works, which had a great influence on the Chinese painting world at that time. Zhang Shuqi and Liu Zigu were known as the "three heroes of Jinling". His traditional Chinese painting is well-known for its color and ink, especially for its galloping horse
Xu Beihong is honored as the founder of modern Chinese art education. He advocated the development of the improvement of "traditional Chinese painting". Based on Modern Chinese realistic art, he put forward the theory of improvement of Chinese painting under the background of decadence of modern Chinese painting.
On September 26, 1953, Xu Beihong died of cerebral hemorrhage at the age of 58. According to Xu Beihong's will, his wife, Ms. Liao Jingwen, donated more than 1200 of his works, more than 1200 of his works of famous calligraphers and painters in Tang, song, yuan, Ming, Qing and modern times, and more than 10000 of his books, picture albums and inscriptions to the state.“收藏爱惜待佳客，不敢包裹钻权幸。”一代大文人苏轼他珍藏的茶只用于招待好友佳客,对于当时用名茶贿赂权臣的事,他是坚决不干。收藏是一种对于物品的搜集、储存、分类与维护的癖好，爱一物护一物。
"The collection cherishes treats the good guest, dares not package to drill the right lucky." Su Shi, a great literati of a generation, collected tea only for entertaining good friends and guests. He resolutely refused to bribe powerful officials with famous tea at that time. Collection is a hobby of collection, storage, classification and maintenance of items. Love one thing and protect another.
The painting of galloping horse
During the second Changsha battle in the autumn of 1941. In this painting, Xu Beihong uses full and unrestrained ink to outline the head, neck, chest, legs and other major turning parts, and uses a dry brush to sweep out the mane, so that the changes of light, dry and wet become natural. The straight line of the horse's legs is thin and powerful, just like a steel knife, which is strong enough to penetrate the paper back. The arc of the abdomen, buttocks and mane are very elastic and dynamic. On the whole, the front of the picture is big and the back is small, with a strong sense of perspective. The extended legs and horse head have a strong impact, which seems to break through the picture.
Xu Beihong's horses are one of the important representative works of Xu Beihong's horses. The horses were drawn from the local fine horse in Kashmir in 1940. Xu Beihong was very excited to see this horse at that time, and the inspiration of "horses" came naturally. Different from other works, it mainly depicts two horses with their backs to the audience and a side horse behind them. In order to change the picture, it also depicts a horse looking for food on the right.
The world's finest aesthetic single treasure has come to the grave of 138.7 billion in the world. The best jewel in the world is the jewel of the thing that is rare, and it is rare, and it is heavy, and it is 23.1 laps in the place of the thing of the beautiful, and it is the one of the best jewel of the whole thing.
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