【名 称】: 站洋币
【藏 品 类 型】: 杂项
【藏 品 年代】： 清代
【藏 品 信 息】: 两枚一组
At the end of the 19th century, the imperialist powers set off a frenzy to carve up China. The corruption and incompetence of the Qing government, unable to resist foreign aggression, signed a series of unequal treaty with foreign powers, so that China became a Semi-colony society. Foreign powers in order to compete for interests in China, dozens of countries have poured into China's silver, through unfair trade, in exchange for a large number of China's silver.
The "station person" silver dollar, is one of the foreign currencies which was minted by the British in the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China. "Station Person" silver dollar after entering our country, began to circulate in Guangdong, Guangxi area, because its manufacture is exquisite, contains the silver content high, won the merchant people to like. The British government saw that the "station man" silver dollars in China profitable, then a large number of casting, a large number of imports. Soon, "station people" silver dollar in most parts of China, especially in Beijing, Tianjin for the Sheng. At that time, in China's circulation of foreign currency, "station" silver dollar has accounted for a considerable proportion, so that the continuous flow of Chinese silver into the United Kingdom, the economic and trade interests were seriously damaged. As a historical carrier, "station person" silver dollar recorded the Chinese people's history of political oppression and economic exploitation after the Opium War. The study of foreign currency in circulation in China is of great significance for us to understand the crimes committed by foreign powers in exploiting the trade of silver dollars, plundering China's wealth, strengthening the spirit of patriotism and contributing to the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
1866年，英国为驱逐鹰洋，在香港造币厂铸造发行了一套香港银币，一元的正面是维多利亚女王像，上下英文“VICTORIAQUEEN(维多利亚女王)”，背面中央寿字纹，旁有英文“香港一元ONE DOLLAR HONGKONG”，下为纪年。因香港银元的成色低于鹰洋，需折扣使用，难以广泛推广。
In 1866, the British issued a set of Hong Kong silver coins to drive away the Hong Kong Mint. On the front of the one dollar was a portrait of Queen Victoria, next to it is "Hong Kong DOLLAR ONE DOLLAR Hongkong " . Because the fineness of Hong Kong silver dollar is lower than Eagle Ocean, it needs to be used at a discount, so it is difficult to promote widely.
Hong Kong Mint closed in 1868 and the equipment was resold in Japan. The Hong Kong silver coin was minted at only 2 million yuan. The currency is colloquially known as "Xiang Yang" .
In 1895, the British government used the mint in Mumbai, India, and Calcutta to mint a new trade silver dollar, commonly known as the "station man. ". (cultural relics of higher value. "standing man" silver dollar has been made in London, India, Mumbai and Calcutta, and other two countries in the three countries, English, Chinese, Malaysian and other characters in one, which is very rare in the history of the world coinage. In particular, the ancient Chinese seal characters on the foreign currency, it is ironic. It reflects not only a distorted history, but also the political, economic, cultural and calligraphic development of Britain and its colonial countries in a special period. Therefore, "station person" is far more than a country, a kind of silver coin cultural relic value) . "Station Person" silver dollar pattern is exquisite, the connotation is profound. In front of a Samurai, standing on the head of the shore, proud of the world. With a m-shaped shield in his left hand and a trident in his right hand, he is invincible in attack and defense. ONE-DOLLAR is listed on the left and right side of the bead circle, and the year number is recorded at the bottom. On the back, there is the Chinese seal character "Shou" , the Chinese character "Yi Yuan" , and the Malay character "Yi Yuan" ..It was first used in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Guangdong provinces, and was used in the north after 1900.
The British Station People Trade Silver Dollar, the integration of Chinese, English and Malaysian characters "one round" in one, in the world coinage history is rare, for this reason, deeply loved by coin collectors.
Tags： the and