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站洋币精品推荐

http://www.baidu.com/ 2021-01-07 11:23

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【藏.荐】栏为藏品强大的传播效应向各位买家推荐经国家一级鉴定专家甄选的艺术珍品,为藏家牵线搭桥,让千百件艺术珍品价值被发掘与重视,在拍卖会上得以高价成交。



【名        称】:  站洋币



【藏 品 类 型】:    杂项



【藏 品 年代】:  清代



【藏 品 信 息】: 两枚一组



19世纪末,帝国主义列强掀起了瓜分中国的狂潮。清政府腐败无能,无法抵御外敌侵略,先后与外国列强签订了一系列不平等条约,使中国沦为半封建半殖民地社会。外国列强为了在华争夺利益,几十个国家的银元先后涌入中国,通过不公平贸易,换取我国大量白银。

At the end of the 19th century, the imperialist powers set off a frenzy to carve up China. The corruption and incompetence of the Qing government, unable to resist foreign aggression, signed a series of unequal treaty with foreign powers, so that China became a Semi-colony society. Foreign powers in order to compete for interests in China, dozens of countries have poured into China's silver, through unfair trade, in exchange for a large number of China's silver.

“站人”银元,是清末民初时期,由英国铸造,在中国广泛流通的外国货币之一。“站人”银元进入我国后,开始在广东、广西一带流通,因其制作精美,含银量高,深得商民喜爱。英国政府看到“站人”银元在中国有利可图,便大量铸造,大量输入。不久,“站人”银元便在中国大部分地区使用,尤以北京,天津为盛。当时,在中国流通的外国货币中,“站人”银元已占相当大比例,使中国白银源源不断的流入英国,经贸利益受到严重损害。“站人”银元作为一种历史载体,记录了鸦片战争以后,中国人民政治上受压迫,经济上受剥削的屈辱历史。研究在中国流通的外国货币,对于我们了解外国列强利用银元贸易,掠夺中国财富的罪行,增强爱国主义精神,为中华民族的伟大复兴贡献力量,具有十分重要的意义。


The "station person" silver dollar, is one of the foreign currencies which was minted by the British in the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China. "Station Person" silver dollar after entering our country, began to circulate in Guangdong, Guangxi area, because its manufacture is exquisite, contains the silver content high, won the merchant people to like. The British government saw that the "station man" silver dollars in China profitable, then a large number of casting, a large number of imports. Soon, "station people" silver dollar in most parts of China, especially in Beijing, Tianjin for the Sheng. At that time, in China's circulation of foreign currency, "station" silver dollar has accounted for a considerable proportion, so that the continuous flow of Chinese silver into the United Kingdom, the economic and trade interests were seriously damaged. As a historical carrier, "station person" silver dollar recorded the Chinese people's history of political oppression and economic exploitation after the Opium War. The study of foreign currency in circulation in China is of great significance for us to understand the crimes committed by foreign powers in exploiting the trade of silver dollars, plundering China's wealth, strengthening the spirit of patriotism and contributing to the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

1866年,英国为驱逐鹰洋,在香港造币厂铸造发行了一套香港银币,一元的正面是维多利亚女王像,上下英文“VICTORIAQUEEN(维多利亚女王)”,背面中央寿字纹,旁有英文“香港一元ONE DOLLAR HONGKONG”,下为纪年。因香港银元的成色低于鹰洋,需折扣使用,难以广泛推广。

In 1866, the British issued a set of Hong Kong silver coins to drive away the Hong Kong Mint. On the front of the one dollar was a portrait of Queen Victoria, next to it is "Hong Kong DOLLAR ONE DOLLAR Hongkong " . Because the fineness of Hong Kong silver dollar is lower than Eagle Ocean, it needs to be used at a discount, so it is difficult to promote widely.

1868年香港造币厂倒闭,设备转售于日本。香港银币仅铸200万元。该币俗成“香洋”。

Hong Kong Mint closed in 1868 and the equipment was resold in Japan. The Hong Kong silver coin was minted at only 2 million yuan. The currency is colloquially known as "Xiang Yang" .

1895年,英国政府利用印度的孟买,加尔各答的造币厂铸造了新的贸易银元,俗称“站人”。(文物价值较高。“站人”银元先后在英国伦敦、印度孟买和加尔各答等两国三地制造,集英文、中文、马来文等三国文字于一体,这在世界铸币史上是非常罕见的。特别是将中国古老的篆字记于外币之上,令人啼笑皆非。它不仅反映了一段扭曲的历史,而且反映了英国及其英殖民地国家,一个特殊时期的政治、经济、文化、书法的发展变化。所以,“站人”远远超过一个国家,一种银币的文物价值)。“站人”银元图案精美,内涵深邃。正面一名武士,站立岸头,傲视世界。左手持米字盾牌,右手执三叉戟,意为能攻能守,战无不胜。珠圈下左右两侧分列英文ONE-DOLLAR(壹圆),下方记载年号。背面中央有中文篆体“寿”字,上下为中文行体“壹圆”,左右为马来文“壹圆”。最初流通于粤桂两省,1900年以后北方开始使用,京津较为流行。

In 1895, the British government used the mint in Mumbai, India, and Calcutta to mint a new trade silver dollar, commonly known as the "station man. ". (cultural relics of higher value. "standing man" silver dollar has been made in London, India, Mumbai and Calcutta, and other two countries in the three countries, English, Chinese, Malaysian and other characters in one, which is very rare in the history of the world coinage. In particular, the ancient Chinese seal characters on the foreign currency, it is ironic. It reflects not only a distorted history, but also the political, economic, cultural and calligraphic development of Britain and its colonial countries in a special period. Therefore, "station person" is far more than a country, a kind of silver coin cultural relic value) . "Station Person" silver dollar pattern is exquisite, the connotation is profound. In front of a Samurai, standing on the head of the shore, proud of the world. With a m-shaped shield in his left hand and a trident in his right hand, he is invincible in attack and defense. ONE-DOLLAR is listed on the left and right side of the bead circle, and the year number is recorded at the bottom. On the back, there is the Chinese seal character "Shou" , the Chinese character "Yi Yuan" , and the Malay character "Yi Yuan" ..It was first used in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Guangdong provinces, and was used in the north after 1900.

英国站人贸易银元,融中、英、马三国文字“壹圆”于一体,在世界铸币史上是少有的,为此,深受钱币收藏家喜爱。

The British Station People Trade Silver Dollar, the integration of Chinese, English and Malaysian characters "one round" in one, in the world coinage history is rare, for this reason, deeply loved by coin collectors.

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