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清乾隆五彩海口碗赏析

http://www.baidu.com/ 2020-12-26 15:58

【藏.荐】栏为藏品强大的传播效应向各位买家推荐经国家一级鉴定专家甄选的艺术珍品,为藏家牵线搭桥,让千百件艺术珍品价值被发掘与重视,在拍卖会上得以高价成交。



【名        称】: 清乾隆五彩海口碗



【藏 品 类 型】:    瓷器



【藏 品 年代】:  清代



【藏 品 信 息】:  一组






五彩瓷是我们汉族的艺术珍品,它的出现是在继承和发展汉族传统彩绘瓷的基础上逐渐形成的。五彩瓷,也被称为“古彩”,“硬彩”。据民国许之衡《饮流斋说瓷》释:“硬彩者,彩色甚浓,釉覆其上,微微凸起”。其施彩方法,是勾线后平涂填色,以水或胶水作溶剂,按纹饰需要,在已烧成的白釉瓷器上,施以多种颜色进行再度创造,在770~800℃的温度中焙烧而成。烧成后的色彩呈现玻璃质状,有坚硬质感。其胎釉和青花、斗彩相似,色彩鲜艳多样,主要为红、黄、蓝、绿、紫、黑等,但以红彩为主。其实它的五彩所指的是分布在瓷器釉面上多种颜色的彩,而并不一定指瓷器釉面上只有五种颜色,多于或少于五种彩的陶瓷,在习惯上也同样称之为五彩瓷,但是一定要有红色。


Multicolored porcelain is an art treasure of the Han nationality. Its appearance is gradually formed on the basis of inheriting and developing the traditional painted porcelain of Han nationality. Five color porcelain, also known as "ancient color", "hard color". According to Xu Zhiheng of the Republic of China's "drink Liuzhai said porcelain," the hard color, color is very thick, glaze covered on it, slightly convex. ". According to the needs of decorative patterns, various colors are applied on the white glazed porcelain that has been fired, and then baked at 770-800 ℃. After firing, the color is glassy and hard. Its body glaze is similar to blue and white, fighting color, bright and diverse, mainly red, yellow, blue, green, purple, black, etc., but mainly red color. In fact, its multicolored refers to the colors distributed on the glaze of porcelain, but it does not necessarily mean that there are only five colors on the glaze of porcelain, and the ceramics with more or less than five colors are also known as multicolored porcelain in custom, but they must have red color.

清代五彩瓷蓬勃发展,这离不开宫廷对其的宠爱。清初,康熙年间在北京皇城设造办处,归内务府所管。清代粉彩、五彩瓷器等,均是由景德镇造模拉坯做成半成品,而后送入宫廷造办处由宫廷画师专填彩描摹再次烧造。由于皇帝的喜爱,很多造办处所产精美瓷器亦有皇帝参与设计。清代康熙五彩瓷在绘画、画风上面的表现力比较之前就更加的细腻,更加地具有层次,他的材料的过渡和运用也更加地有手法的多变以及他的层次感,包括颜色多样化也都变得更加的娴熟,康熙朝在这方面有一个非常大的进步。包括整个画风,细节的处理,细腻的刻画,都更进了一步,整个康熙朝的器型变得多种多样,比明代的器型变得扩充和增加,特别是康熙朝的器型,包括棒槌瓶、凤尾尊、各种的罐、壶、瓶。康熙五彩的最大特点是运用了釉上蓝彩和黑彩,形成了红、绿、黄、黑、赭、蓝等多种颜色的搭配和运用。所以从某种意义上说,清康熙时的五彩瓷才是真正意义上的五彩瓷。由于有了深色调的蓝和黑,使得康熙五彩的色彩对比更加和谐、沉稳。康熙时蓝彩烧成后的色调,其深艳程度超过了青花,而黑彩又有黑漆般光泽。康熙五彩瓷,绘画工致精丽,生动传神,改变了明代嘉靖、万历时只重色彩而不讲究造型的粗率画风。其收藏价值亦是很高,简单举个例子,清康熙的五彩“果鸟图”臥足碗以15,220,000HKD拍出。此碗卧足馒头心碗,器型娇小,绘图入微,细笔丝毛,宛如花鸟绘画,精致仅见。上绘画眉,生气盎然。画眉,因目有白圈,如白眉,故名,其声婉转悦耳,乃常见笼鸟。瓶上画眉伫立桃枝,上结饱满硕大的桃实。台北国立故宫博物院藏《鸟谱》,记录各鸟名称、特征、习性及居所等,其中有绘画眉册页,所画之鸟与瓷碗上的十分相似,立于桃枝之上,花繁叶茂。


Colorful porcelain flourished in the Qing Dynasty, which was inseparable from the court's favor. In the early Qing Dynasty, during the reign of Emperor Kangxi, a manufacturing office was set up in the imperial city of Beijing, which was under the control of the Ministry of internal affairs. In the Qing Dynasty, famille rose and multicolored porcelains were all made of semi-finished products made by Jingdezhen moulds and then sent to the palace manufacturing office, where the court painters filled in the color descriptions and fired them again. Because of the emperor's love, many places produced exquisite porcelain, and the emperor participated in the design. The five-color porcelain of Kangxi in Qing Dynasty was more delicate and had more levels before the comparison of painting and painting style. The transition and application of his materials were also more changeable and his sense of hierarchy, including color diversity, became more skilled. Kangxi Dynasty made a great progress in this respect. Including the whole painting style, the treatment of details, and the delicate depiction, all went further. The types of utensils in the whole Kangxi Dynasty became diversified and expanded compared with those in the Ming Dynasty, especially those in the Kangxi Dynasty, including hammers and hammers, Phoenix Tail zuns, various pots, pots and bottles. The biggest feature of Kangxi's five colors is the use of overglaze blue and black colors, forming a combination of red, green, yellow, black, ochre, blue and other colors. So in a sense, the multicolored porcelain in Kangxi of Qing Dynasty is the real multicolored porcelain. Because of the deep color of blue and black, the color contrast of Kangxi five colors is more harmonious and steady. During the reign of Kangxi, the color of blue color after firing exceeded that of blue and white, and black color had black lacquer luster. Kangxi's multicolored porcelain is exquisite, vivid and vivid, which changes the rough painting style of Jiajing and Wanli in Ming Dynasty, which only emphasizes color but not modeling. Its collection value is also very high. For example, the multicolored "fruit and bird" lying foot bowl of Kangxi in Qing Dynasty was shot at 15220000 HKD. This bowl is full of steamed bread and heart bowl. Its shape is small, and the drawing is subtle. It is like a flower and bird painting. It is only seen exquisite. Painted on the thrush, full of vitality. Thrush, because the eyes have white circles, such as white eyebrows, hence the name. Its voice is graceful and pleasant, and it is a common cage bird. On the bottle thrush stands the peach branch, on the knot plump huge peach fruit. The National Palace Museum in Taipei has a bird catalogue, which records the names, characteristics, habits and residences of birds. Among them, there are a picture album of eyebrows. The birds painted are very similar to those on the porcelain bowl. They stand on the peach branches and have luxuriant flowers and leaves


清乾隆时期五彩纹饰以龙凤、花卉纹为主,而从前按时令烧造的各种花卉的酒杯此时大为减少,甚至有些品种就此停烧。据《清宫档案》载:“五彩时令酒圆……不必烧造。”值得一提的是,乾隆五彩佛花纹饰为五彩传统纹饰,直至道光时期仍有相同纹饰烧造。乾隆民窑五彩纹饰构图繁缛,尤其是盘类器物,有同时期粉彩的百花不露地的风格,多吉祥寓意的纹饰,如“福”、“寿”、“双”、“全”

等字样。


During the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty, dragon and Phoenix and flower patterns were the main patterns. However, the number of wine cups made on time was greatly reduced, and some varieties were even stopped burning. According to the archives of the Qing palace, "colorful seasonal wine circle You don't have to burn it. " It is worth mentioning that Qianlong's multicolored Buddha pattern was a traditional pattern, and the same pattern was still made in Daoguang period. The composition of the multicolored patterns of Qianlong folk kilns is complicated, especially for the plate objects, which have the style of pastel flowers of the same period, and most of them are auspicious, such as "Fu", "Shou", "Shuang" and "Quan"


And so on.

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