【名 称】: 清乾隆五彩海口碗
【藏 品 类 型】: 瓷器
【藏 品 年代】： 清代
【藏 品 信 息】: 一组
Multicolored porcelain is an art treasure of the Han nationality. Its appearance is gradually formed on the basis of inheriting and developing the traditional painted porcelain of Han nationality. Five color porcelain, also known as "ancient color", "hard color". According to Xu Zhiheng of the Republic of China's "drink Liuzhai said porcelain," the hard color, color is very thick, glaze covered on it, slightly convex. ". According to the needs of decorative patterns, various colors are applied on the white glazed porcelain that has been fired, and then baked at 770-800 ℃. After firing, the color is glassy and hard. Its body glaze is similar to blue and white, fighting color, bright and diverse, mainly red, yellow, blue, green, purple, black, etc., but mainly red color. In fact, its multicolored refers to the colors distributed on the glaze of porcelain, but it does not necessarily mean that there are only five colors on the glaze of porcelain, and the ceramics with more or less than five colors are also known as multicolored porcelain in custom, but they must have red color.
Colorful porcelain flourished in the Qing Dynasty, which was inseparable from the court's favor. In the early Qing Dynasty, during the reign of Emperor Kangxi, a manufacturing office was set up in the imperial city of Beijing, which was under the control of the Ministry of internal affairs. In the Qing Dynasty, famille rose and multicolored porcelains were all made of semi-finished products made by Jingdezhen moulds and then sent to the palace manufacturing office, where the court painters filled in the color descriptions and fired them again. Because of the emperor's love, many places produced exquisite porcelain, and the emperor participated in the design. The five-color porcelain of Kangxi in Qing Dynasty was more delicate and had more levels before the comparison of painting and painting style. The transition and application of his materials were also more changeable and his sense of hierarchy, including color diversity, became more skilled. Kangxi Dynasty made a great progress in this respect. Including the whole painting style, the treatment of details, and the delicate depiction, all went further. The types of utensils in the whole Kangxi Dynasty became diversified and expanded compared with those in the Ming Dynasty, especially those in the Kangxi Dynasty, including hammers and hammers, Phoenix Tail zuns, various pots, pots and bottles. The biggest feature of Kangxi's five colors is the use of overglaze blue and black colors, forming a combination of red, green, yellow, black, ochre, blue and other colors. So in a sense, the multicolored porcelain in Kangxi of Qing Dynasty is the real multicolored porcelain. Because of the deep color of blue and black, the color contrast of Kangxi five colors is more harmonious and steady. During the reign of Kangxi, the color of blue color after firing exceeded that of blue and white, and black color had black lacquer luster. Kangxi's multicolored porcelain is exquisite, vivid and vivid, which changes the rough painting style of Jiajing and Wanli in Ming Dynasty, which only emphasizes color but not modeling. Its collection value is also very high. For example, the multicolored "fruit and bird" lying foot bowl of Kangxi in Qing Dynasty was shot at 15220000 HKD. This bowl is full of steamed bread and heart bowl. Its shape is small, and the drawing is subtle. It is like a flower and bird painting. It is only seen exquisite. Painted on the thrush, full of vitality. Thrush, because the eyes have white circles, such as white eyebrows, hence the name. Its voice is graceful and pleasant, and it is a common cage bird. On the bottle thrush stands the peach branch, on the knot plump huge peach fruit. The National Palace Museum in Taipei has a bird catalogue, which records the names, characteristics, habits and residences of birds. Among them, there are a picture album of eyebrows. The birds painted are very similar to those on the porcelain bowl. They stand on the peach branches and have luxuriant flowers and leaves
During the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty, dragon and Phoenix and flower patterns were the main patterns. However, the number of wine cups made on time was greatly reduced, and some varieties were even stopped burning. According to the archives of the Qing palace, "colorful seasonal wine circle You don't have to burn it. " It is worth mentioning that Qianlong's multicolored Buddha pattern was a traditional pattern, and the same pattern was still made in Daoguang period. The composition of the multicolored patterns of Qianlong folk kilns is complicated, especially for the plate objects, which have the style of pastel flowers of the same period, and most of them are auspicious, such as "Fu", "Shou", "Shuang" and "Quan"
And so on.