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弘锦堂精品藏品推荐——葡萄纹端砚

http://www.baidu.com/ 2020-11-20 10:34


藏品名称:葡萄纹端砚

藏品规格:长:12cm宽:8cm 高:3.4cm 重:510g


砚亦称为研,中国传统手工艺品之一,砚与笔、墨、纸合称中国传统的文房四宝,是中国书法的必备用具。砚材的运用也极为广泛,其中以山东青州的红丝砚、广东肇庆的端砚、安徽古歙州(今黄山)的歙砚、甘肃卓尼的洮河砚最为突出,称“四大名砚”。


汉代刘熙写的《释名》中解释:“砚者研也,可研墨使和濡也”。它是由原始社会的研磨器演变而来。初期的砚,形态原始,是用一块小研石在一面磨平的石器上压墨丸研磨成墨汁。至汉时,砚上出现了雕刻,有石盖,下带足。魏晋至隋出现了圆形瓷砚,由三足而多足。箕形砚是唐代常见的砚式,形同簸箕,砚底一端落地,一端以足支撑。唐、宋时,砚台的造型更加多样化。


砚台历经秦汉、魏晋,至唐代起,各地相继发现适合制砚的石料,开始以石为主的砚台制作。其中采用山东青州的红丝砚、广东端州的端石、安徽歙州的歙石及甘肃临洮的洮河石制作的砚台,被分别称作红丝砚、端砚、歙砚、洮河砚。后世人们便将红丝砚、端、歙、临洮砚称作四大名砚。清末,人们又将山西的澄泥砚与端、歙、洮并列为中国四大名砚。


其中端砚的材料取于广东肇庆高要县东南端溪之烂河山(又称斧柯山)因其“体重而轻,质刚而柔,摸之寂寞无纤响,按之如小儿肌肤,温软嫩而不滑”且有不损毫,宜发墨的特点。自唐代问世以来,端砚便颇受文人学士青睐。加上纹理绮丽,各具名目,加工技艺亦愈纷繁,地位越来越高,以致升到我国石砚之首,长盛不衰。现我公司征集到一个实属罕见的葡萄纹端砚,由清代广东肇庆制作而成,长12cm,宽8cm,高3.4cm,重510g,砚质细腻,包浆厚重自然,呈现半雅光状态,图案是松鼠葡萄纹,寓意多子多福,难得一见,具有非常高的收藏价值和出资价值。欢迎咨询


Yan, also known as yan, is one of the traditional Chinese handicrafts. Yan Yan, together with pen, ink and paper, is called the four treasures of the traditional Chinese study. It is an essential tool for Chinese calligraphy. The use of inkstones is also very wide, among them the Red silk inkstone in Qingzhou, Shandong, the Duan Inkstone in Zhaoqing, Guangdong, she Inkstone from Ancient Xi Zhou, Anhui (now Huangshan), The Taohe Inkstone in Zhuo Ni, Gansu is the most prominent, known as the "four famous inkstones".


"Shi Ming", written by Liu Xi in the Han Dynasty, explains: "Those who study ink can study ink and moisten it". It evolved from the abrasives of primitive societies. The early ink-stone, the form of primitive, is a small grind stone in one side of a flat stone pressed ink pellet ground into ink. To the Han Dynasty, the ink stone appeared on the carving, with a stone cover, with a foot. Wei jin to Sui appeared round porcelain inkstone, from three feet and many feet. Dustpan type inkstone is a common type in Tang Dynasty. It looks like a dustpan. One end of the inkstone falls to the ground and the other end is supported by the foot. During the Tang and Song dynasties, the ink stone was more diversified.


After the Qin, Han, Wei and Jin dynasties, and up to the Tang Dynasty, stones suitable for making inkstones were found in various places, and inkstones mainly made of stone were started. They adopt the Red silk yan from Qingzhou in Shandong, the Duan stone from Duan Zhou in Guangdong, the Xi stone from Xi Zhou in Anhui and the ink slab made from The Tao he stone in Lintao, Gansu, which are called the Red silk yan, Duan Yan, she inkstone and Tao He inkstone respectively. People of later generations will be red silk yan, Duan, Xi, Lintao Yan called the four famous yan. In the late Qing Dynasty, people also list shanxi's Chengni and Duan, Xi, Tao as one of the four most famous ink-stones in China.


One of the duanyan material taken from the southeast of Zhaoqing Gao County in Guangdong Province, the stream of Lanhe Mountain (also known as Axke Mountain) because of its "weight and light, the quality of hard and soft, touch the lonely without fiber sound, according to such as children's skin, soft and tender but not slippery" and there is no damage, should be ink characteristics. Since the tang Dynasty came into being, the Duan Inkstone has been favored by many scholars. Together with the beautiful texture, each name, processing techniques are also more and more complicated, the status of more and more high, as a result rose to the first stone in China, enduring. Now our company collected a rare grape grain to guangdong province, which is produced by the qing dynasty in guangdong zhaoqing, 12 cm long, 8 cm wide, 3.4 cm high and weighs 510 g, fine inkstone, patina massiness is natural, appear elegant light condition, design is the squirrel grape grain, meaning many children blessed, rare, has the very high collection value and investment value. Welcome to consult [shake hands]

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