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精品赏析《战国蟠螭纹兽钮银背镜》

http://www.baidu.com/ 2020-09-05 20:29

四川中宝元拍卖有限公司【藏.荐】栏为藏品强大的传播效应向各位买家推荐经国家一级鉴定专家甄选的艺术珍品,为藏家牵线搭桥,让千百件艺术珍品价值被发掘与重视,在拍卖会上得以高价成交。

Sichuan Zhongbaoyuan Auction Co., LTD. [Collection. Recommendation] column for the strong dissemination effect of the collection to recommend to all buyers by the national level expert selection of art treasures, for collectors matchmaking, let thousands of art treasures value is discovered and valued, in the exhibition and sales can be sold at a high price.



【名称】:战国蟠螭纹兽钮银背镜


【类型】:铜镜


年代战国


【规格】:直径17.4cm重:271.5g




Name:Mirror on silver back for coiled-grain animal in the Warring States Period

Tybe:Bronze mirror

[Era] :The warring states period

【Specifications】:Diameter: 17.4cm weight: 271.5g



战国时期在铜镜铸造历史上是一个大发展时期,也是铸镜历史的第一个高峰期。战国时期的铜镜题材丰富,所涉猎的北荣也更为广泛,出现了许多极为经典的题材,本期我们给大家展示的为此时期极为经典非常具有代表性的铜镜此展品为战国时代文物,该铜镜为圆形。三弦钮,圆钮座。外围凹面形圈带及绳纹、短斜线纹各一周环形带。主题纹饰由地纹和主纹组成。地纹为圆涡纹组成的云雷纹,主纹饰为蟠螭菱格纹,蟠龙头靠镜缘,张大口,露利齿,身躯蟠曲,呈S形向两侧伸展,并与一侧的菱格纹相连。一周弦纹带环外接斜短线纹。素卷缘,似云纹、似卷草,首尾相接,满版飞动。艺术处理图案化的韵味很浓,给人以丰富多姿、生命力旺盛之感。

The Warring States Period is a period of great development in the history of bronze mirror casting, and also the first peak in the history of bronze mirror casting. The bronze mirror of the Warring States Period is rich in themes, and the beirong of the warring States Period is also more extensive. There are many very classic themes. The bronze mirror of this period that we show you in this issue is very classic and very representative. Three - string button, round button seat. The outer concave ring belt and the circular belt of rope grain and short diagonal grain. The theme pattern is composed of ground pattern and main pattern. Ground grain is cloud thunder grain that is composed of circular vortex grain, main grain is dragon pattern of dragon pattern, coil dragon head depends on mirror edge, big mouth, dew sharp tooth, body coil, show S shape to extend to both sides, and connect with one side of grain of diamond pattern. Monofilm band ring with short diagonal lines. Plain curling edge, like moire, like rolling grass, end - to - end, full plate flying. The charm of artistic processing patterned is very strong, giving people a sense of richness and vitality.

在古代文献中,常出现“螭魅”一词,如《左传·文公十八年》有“投诸四裔,以御螭魅”之载,杜预注称:“螭魅,山林异气所生,为人害者。”《左传·宣公三年》称:“螭魅魍魉,莫能逢之。”其中的“螭”字,有注解认为是兽形的山神。显然,这里的“螭”和龙属的“螭”并非同一种动物。古代艺术品上的螭纹,应该为龙属的“螭”。春秋时期青铜器上的螭纹,是以蟠螭纹的方式出现,“蟠”有互相缠绕重叠的意思,蟠螭纹是以四方连续的方式组成大面积的装饰,没有凸起的主纹,在青铜器表面组成繁密的图案。这种纹样既与周代以带状连续为主的纹样结构不同,也与汉代只有盘旋而无重叠的“云气纹”不一样,是春秋时期具有独创性的纹样之一。战国时期,蟠螭纹开始应用在铜镜上,并称为此时期极为经典的题材,并且衍生出来的品类非常丰富,此种纹饰风格一直延续到西汉早期。秦汉时期流行的变形蟠螭纹镜,与战国时期的纹饰风格略有不同,并多搭配的有铭文,常见到的有“愁思悲铭”,“大乐富贵铭”,“大乐未央铭”。

In ancient literature, there was often a term "li zi". For example, in the Annals of Zuo (), the eighteenth year of The Reign of Wen (), there was a book entitled "Li Zi (), all four descendants are cast in order to carry out imperial chi." Du Yu wrote: "Li Zi (), which is typical of different styles in forest and harmful to people." Zuozhuan · Three Years of Publicity, said: "You can't meet them here." The "chi" character is considered to be a beast - shaped god. Obviously, the "chi" here is not the same animal as the "chi" of the genus Dragon. The grain on ancient artworks should be "chi" for the dragon. In the Spring and Autumn period, the dragon pattern on the bronze-ware is in the form of coiled-grain pattern. "coil pattern" means that it is twisted and overlapping. Coiled-grain pattern is composed of a large area of decoration in a continuous way, and there is no raised main pattern. This pattern is not only different from the pattern structure of the Zhou Dynasty, which is dominated by banded continuous pattern, but also different from the "yunqi pattern" of the Han Dynasty, which is only hovering without overlapping, and is one of the original patterns in the Spring and Autumn Period. In the Warring States Period, cochi pattern began to be applied to bronze mirrors, and it was said to be a very classical theme in this period, and the derived categories were very rich. This pattern style continued until the early Western Han Dynasty. The deformation cochi mirror popular in The Qin and Han Dynasties is slightly different from the grain style of the Warring States period, and more collocation has inscriptions, common to have "sad thinking sad Ming", "Da Le Rich Ming", "Da Le Weiyang Ming".


近日,四川中宝元拍卖有限公司有幸征得战国蟠螭纹兽钮银背镜,战国时期,是中国社会处于剧烈变革的时代,生产力得到了迅速的发展,文化艺术出现了空前的繁荣。此时,商周以来青铜器中占主导地位、具有等级象征的礼乐器逐渐衰落了;而日常生活用器却得到了普遍发展,特别是铜镜。铜镜在战国时期,至少在统治阶级中已经普遍使用了。古文献中有许多关于战国人使用铜镜的记载,如《韩非子”现行篇》说“古之人目短于自见,故以镜观面”;《楚辞·九辩》“今修饰而窥镜兮”;《战国策·齐策—》“朝服、衣冠窥镜”。今河南和湖南是战园时期南、北两个重要的铜镜产地。湖南是楚国领地,它制作的铜镜轻薄、精美,图案多作双层处理,一般是在精细地纹上再加各种主题浅浮雕。河南是二晋(韩、赵、魏)届地,它以铸造精美的金银错纹镜而著称。战国铜镜能够取得大的发展,主要原因是:第一,青铜冶铸技术进步,随着铁工具在铜器制造业的使用,为作坊内部更细密的分工、创造新技术提供了有利的条件。第二,经过商周以来的发展,至战国时期铜镜的合金比例已趋于科学和稳定,大大提高了实用效果。战国铜镜以它那规范化的形制、精美的装饰纹饰,标志看中国古代铜镜已经从早期的稚朴走向了成熟。

Recently, Sichuan Zhongbaoyuan auction Co., LTD was lucky to get mirror of coiled-grain animal with silver back in the Warring States period. It is an era of drastic change in Chinese society, with rapid development of productive forces and unprecedented prosperity of culture and art. At this time, since the Shang and Zhou dynasties, the dominant bronze ritual instruments with a symbol of rank gradually declined; However, appliances for daily use have been generally developed, especially the bronze mirror. Bronze mirrors were already in general use, at least among the ruling classes, during the Warring States Period. There are many records in ancient documents about the use of bronze mirrors by people in the Warring States Period. For example, it is said in the current chapter of Han Feizi that "ancient people's eyes were shorter than their own, so they looked at their faces through mirrors". "The Nine Debates of Chu Ci"; "The Policy of the Warring States · Qi Policy --" Court dress, dress sneakoscope ". Today Henan and Hunan were two important producing areas of bronze mirrors in the north and south of Zhanyuan. Hunan is the territory of the State of Chu. Its bronze mirrors are light and delicate, and the patterns are often double-layered, with various motifs in low relief. Henan was the second Jin dynasty (Han, Zhao and Wei). It was famous for its exquisite gold and silver mirrors. The main reasons for the great development of bronze mirrors in the Warring States Period are as follows: First, the advancement of bronze smelting technology, with the use of iron tools in the copper manufacturing industry, provided favorable conditions for the finer division of labor and the creation of new technologies within the workshops. Secondly, after the development of The Shang and Zhou dynasties, the alloy ratio of the bronze mirrors had tended to be scientific and stable by the Warring States Period, which greatly improved the practical effect. The bronze mirror in the Warring States period with its standardized shape, exquisite decorative patterns, the symbol of ancient Chinese bronze mirror has been from the early naive to mature.



此件已委托四川中宝元拍卖有限公司参加2020艺术品新加坡拍卖会,欢迎有兴趣的客户届时参加!


This piece has been entrusted to Sichuan Zhongbaoyuan Auction Co., Ltd. to participate in the Singapore auction of art 2020. Interested customers are welcome to participate!

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