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【Name】：Mirror on silver back for coiled-grain animal in the Warring States Period
[Era] :The warring states period
【Specifications】：Diameter: 17.4cm weight: 271.5g
The Warring States Period is a period of great development in the history of bronze mirror casting, and also the first peak in the history of bronze mirror casting. The bronze mirror of the Warring States Period is rich in themes, and the beirong of the warring States Period is also more extensive. There are many very classic themes. The bronze mirror of this period that we show you in this issue is very classic and very representative. Three - string button, round button seat. The outer concave ring belt and the circular belt of rope grain and short diagonal grain. The theme pattern is composed of ground pattern and main pattern. Ground grain is cloud thunder grain that is composed of circular vortex grain, main grain is dragon pattern of dragon pattern, coil dragon head depends on mirror edge, big mouth, dew sharp tooth, body coil, show S shape to extend to both sides, and connect with one side of grain of diamond pattern. Monofilm band ring with short diagonal lines. Plain curling edge, like moire, like rolling grass, end - to - end, full plate flying. The charm of artistic processing patterned is very strong, giving people a sense of richness and vitality.
In ancient literature, there was often a term "li zi". For example, in the Annals of Zuo (), the eighteenth year of The Reign of Wen (), there was a book entitled "Li Zi (), all four descendants are cast in order to carry out imperial chi." Du Yu wrote: "Li Zi (), which is typical of different styles in forest and harmful to people." Zuozhuan · Three Years of Publicity, said: "You can't meet them here." The "chi" character is considered to be a beast - shaped god. Obviously, the "chi" here is not the same animal as the "chi" of the genus Dragon. The grain on ancient artworks should be "chi" for the dragon. In the Spring and Autumn period, the dragon pattern on the bronze-ware is in the form of coiled-grain pattern. "coil pattern" means that it is twisted and overlapping. Coiled-grain pattern is composed of a large area of decoration in a continuous way, and there is no raised main pattern. This pattern is not only different from the pattern structure of the Zhou Dynasty, which is dominated by banded continuous pattern, but also different from the "yunqi pattern" of the Han Dynasty, which is only hovering without overlapping, and is one of the original patterns in the Spring and Autumn Period. In the Warring States Period, cochi pattern began to be applied to bronze mirrors, and it was said to be a very classical theme in this period, and the derived categories were very rich. This pattern style continued until the early Western Han Dynasty. The deformation cochi mirror popular in The Qin and Han Dynasties is slightly different from the grain style of the Warring States period, and more collocation has inscriptions, common to have "sad thinking sad Ming", "Da Le Rich Ming", "Da Le Weiyang Ming".
Recently, Sichuan Zhongbaoyuan auction Co., LTD was lucky to get mirror of coiled-grain animal with silver back in the Warring States period. It is an era of drastic change in Chinese society, with rapid development of productive forces and unprecedented prosperity of culture and art. At this time, since the Shang and Zhou dynasties, the dominant bronze ritual instruments with a symbol of rank gradually declined; However, appliances for daily use have been generally developed, especially the bronze mirror. Bronze mirrors were already in general use, at least among the ruling classes, during the Warring States Period. There are many records in ancient documents about the use of bronze mirrors by people in the Warring States Period. For example, it is said in the current chapter of Han Feizi that "ancient people's eyes were shorter than their own, so they looked at their faces through mirrors". "The Nine Debates of Chu Ci"; "The Policy of the Warring States · Qi Policy --" Court dress, dress sneakoscope ". Today Henan and Hunan were two important producing areas of bronze mirrors in the north and south of Zhanyuan. Hunan is the territory of the State of Chu. Its bronze mirrors are light and delicate, and the patterns are often double-layered, with various motifs in low relief. Henan was the second Jin dynasty (Han, Zhao and Wei). It was famous for its exquisite gold and silver mirrors. The main reasons for the great development of bronze mirrors in the Warring States Period are as follows: First, the advancement of bronze smelting technology, with the use of iron tools in the copper manufacturing industry, provided favorable conditions for the finer division of labor and the creation of new technologies within the workshops. Secondly, after the development of The Shang and Zhou dynasties, the alloy ratio of the bronze mirrors had tended to be scientific and stable by the Warring States Period, which greatly improved the practical effect. The bronze mirror in the Warring States period with its standardized shape, exquisite decorative patterns, the symbol of ancient Chinese bronze mirror has been from the early naive to mature.
This piece has been entrusted to Sichuan Zhongbaoyuan Auction Co., Ltd. to participate in the Singapore auction of art 2020. Interested customers are welcome to participate!