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2020年新加坡拍卖精品推荐-----大清铜币

http://www.baidu.com/ 2020-08-30 18:50

【藏.荐】栏为藏品强大的传播效应向各位买家推荐经国家一级鉴定专家甄选的艺术珍品,为藏家牵线搭桥,让千百件艺术珍品价值被发掘与重视,在拍卖会上得以高价成交。

[Tibet. Recommendation] column for the strong dissemination effect of the collection to recommend to buyers the selected art treasures by experts at the first level of national appraisal, to bridge the gap for Tibetans, so that the value of thousands of art treasures are excavated and valued, and high-priced transactions can be concluded in the auction.


【名       称】:   大清铜币


【藏 品 类 型】:    钱 币


【藏 品 年 代】:   清 代


【藏 品 信 息】:    直径:33.4mm    重:13.94g



[name]: copper coin of Qing Dynasty


[collection type]: Coins


Collection date: Qing Dynasty


[collection information]: diameter: 33.4mm weight: 13.94g

大清铜币,光绪三十年(1904),仿湖北省铜币式样.将“四川官局造”五字改为“四川省造”四字。光绪三十一年(1905)七月,清政府通令各省将所铸的“光绪元宝”铜币.统一改为“大清铜币”,并要在币的中心加铸阴文或阳文的各省汉文简称,四川省即铸有中心为“川”字的当五、当十、当二十等三种铜元。同年九月,清政府的户部改名为“度支部”,但各省铜元局所铸的“大清铜币”币面纪铭仍一直用“户部”字样,唯独四川所铸宣统元年大清铜币的纪铭改为“度支部”。以致四川铜元成为全国铜元特点之一。度支部清代掌管财政事务的机构。清代原由户部理财,清光绪三十二年(公元1906年),改组部院各衙门,将户部更名为度支部,列衔于户部之上,其原掌管的民政事划归民政部,主管官为度支大臣,另有左、右侍郎和左右丞、左右参议;下设承政、参议二厅及田赋、漕仓、税课、莞榷、通阜、库藏、廉俸、军饷、制用、会计等十司与金银库。

此枚大清铜币与平常见到的大清铜币不同之处在于,正面铸有“度支部”,而非“户部”。其实这两个名称都是代表着掌管财政事务的机构,只是在清光绪三十二年,因为改组将户部更名为度支部。相比于“户部”之称,“度支部”存在时间十分短,而宣统帝在位时间更是只有三年,可想而知,此枚宣统年造度支部大清铜币的稀少程度,收藏价值相对其他版别的大清铜币更是无法估量。

此枚钱币钱面中央为“大清铜币”四个汉字,内嵌一小字“川”代表地名,上端是满文“大清铜币”字样,两侧为年份“已酉”,边缘中间分别“度支部”,下端为“当制钱二十文”;钱背中央为蟠龙,上端是“宣统年造”,下端英文“Tai-Ching Ti-KuoCopperCoin(大清帝国铜币)”字样。其钱面包浆牢固,流通痕迹明显,颇具皇家风范。 此类铜元铸币不多,辛亥革命爆发,清王朝灭亡,故铸币有限,存世稀少罕见,极具收藏价值

  中国是世界上最早使用金属铸币的国家,距今已有四千余年历史。发展过程中连绵不断,形成了极具东方色彩的中国货币体系,在世界钱币史上独树一帜。

作为中国近代制币中的十大名誉品之一,大清铜币一直深受钱币收藏爱好者的欢迎,版式也十分繁杂,从光绪帝到宣统帝,大清铜币都作为主要流通货币发行,它的诞生涉及到清末币制改革,有着特殊的历史意义。




The copper coins of the Qing Dynasty, in 1904, imitated the copper coins of Hubei Province, and changed the five characters "made by Sichuan official bureau" to "made in Sichuan Province". In July 1905, the Qing government ordered all provinces to change the "Guangxu Yuanbao" copper coins into "big Qing copper coins", and to add the abbreviations in yin or yang to the center of the coins. There were three kinds of copper coins in Sichuan Province, namely Dang 5, Dang 10 and Dang 20 with the center of "Chuan". In September of the same year, the Hubu Department of the Qing government was renamed "Du branch", but the inscription of "Da Qing copper coin" cast by the copper yuan bureaus of all provinces still used the word "Hubu". Only the Ji inscription of the copper coin of the first year of Xuantong in Sichuan was changed to "Du branch". As a result, Sichuan copper yuan became one of the characteristics of the national copper yuan. A branch in charge of financial affairs in Qing Dynasty. In the Qing Dynasty, Hubu was responsible for financial management. In 1906, the Yamen of the Ministry of finance was reorganized and renamed as Du branch. The civil affairs in charge were assigned to the Ministry of civil affairs, and the officials in charge were Duzhi ministers, and the left and right servants, the right and left ministers, the left and right counsellors, and the second Hall of Chengzheng, Caocang, taxation, guanxi, Tongfu and kucang were set up Ten departments, such as low salary, military pay, system and use, accounting, and gold and silver Treasury.


The difference between this copper coin of Qing Dynasty and the common copper coin of Qing Dynasty is that there is "Du branch" on the obverse rather than "Hubu". In fact, these two names represent the institutions in charge of financial affairs. Only in the 32nd year of the reign of Emperor Guangxu of the Qing Dynasty, the Hubu was renamed as the Du branch due to the reorganization. Compared with the name of "Hubu", the existence time of "Du branch" is very short, and the reign time of emperor Xuantong is only three years. It can be imagined that the rarity of this copper coin of Du branch in Xuantong year is immeasurable compared with other editions.


In the center of the coin, there are four Chinese characters of "Da Qing copper coin", embedded with a small character "Chuan" to represent the place name. At the top is the Manchu character "Da Qing copper coin", with the year "Jiyou" on both sides, and "Du branch" in the middle of the edge, and "Dang Qian 20 Wen" at the bottom; the central part of the coin is Panlong, the upper end is "Xuantong Nian Zao", and the lower part is "Tai Ching" Ti kuocoppercoin. Its money bread pulp is firm, circulation trace is obvious, quite royal style. This kind of copper coin is rare and rare, and it has great collection value


China is the first country in the world to use metal coins, which has a history of more than 4000 years. In the process of development, China's monetary system with Oriental color has been formed, which is unique in the history of world currency.


As one of the top ten honorary products in modern China's coin making, the Qing Dynasty copper coins have always been welcomed by coin collectors, and the format is also very complicated. From Emperor Guangxu to Emperor Xuantong, the copper coins of Qing Dynasty were issued as the main circulating currency. Its birth was related to the reform of the currency system in the late Qing Dynasty, and has a special historical significance.

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