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2020年新加坡拍卖精品推荐会----中华明国十年袁大头

http://www.baidu.com/ 2020-08-18 08:46

四川中宝元拍卖有限公司【藏.荐】栏为藏品强大的传播效应向各位买家推荐经国家一级鉴定专家甄选的艺术珍品,为藏家牵线搭桥,让千百件艺术珍品价值被发掘与重视,在拍卖会上得以高价成交。

[Tibet. Recommendation] column for the strong dissemination effect of the collection to recommend to buyers the selected art treasures by experts at the first level of national appraisal, to bridge the gap for Tibetans, so that the value of thousands of art treasures are excavated and valued, and high-priced transactions can be concluded in the auction.



【名称】:中华明国十年袁大头

【类型】: 钱币

【规格】:直径:39.1mm 重量:26.5g

Name】:Ming Dynasty of China ten years yuan Head

Tybe】:Coin

【Specifications】:Diameter :39.1mm Weight: 26.5g

袁大头是民国时期主要流通货币之一,"袁大头"是对袁世凯像系列硬币的口语俗称,严谨点说叫"袁世凯像背嘉禾银币"。清朝灭亡之后,1912年4月袁世凯出任大总统。北洋政府鉴于当时铸币、纸币十分复杂,流通的中外货币在百种以上,规格不一,流通混乱,折算繁琐,民众积怨,同时也想借助货币改制以解决军费问题,便决定铸发国币。袁世凯为了提高自己的统治地位,把他的头像铸于币面,"袁大头"由此而来。

Yuan Tou was one of the main currencies in circulation during the Republic of China. "Yuan Tou" is a colloquial name for yuan Shikai's series of COINS, or, to be more precise, "Yuan Shikai's jiahe silver coin".After the fall of the Qing Dynasty, Yuan Shikai became the great President in April 1912. In view of the complexity of coinage and paper currency at that time, there were more than 100 kinds of Chinese and foreign currency in circulation, with different specifications, chaotic circulation and complicated conversion. The people were resentful and wanted to solve the military expenditure problem by means of currency reform, so the Beiyang government decided to coin and issue national currency. Yuan Shikai in order to enhance his dominance, his head on the coin, "Yuan Big Head" from this.

1914年2月7日,袁世凯以大总统令形式公布了《国币条例》及《国币条例施行细则》,其主要内容是规定钱币的铸造发行权归民国政府所有,原先的各个官局所铸造发行的1元银元,由民国政府兑换并改铸,在一点的时期内,承认它们的价值等同于国币1元的价值。国币中的主币是1元银元,其重量是库平纯银六钱四分八厘,材质是银占89%,铜占10%,锡占1%,一枚成品银元的重量是7钱2分。规定国币种类有银币4种(壹圆、中圆、贰角、壹角)、镍币一种(五分)、铜币五种(二分、一分、五厘、二厘、一厘)。正面镌袁世凯侧面头像及发行年号,背面铸嘉禾纹饰与币值。《国币条例》公布同年先在天津造币厂铸造"袁大头"壹圆银币,后在南京、广东、武昌等造币厂陆续铸造。

On February 7, 1914 yuan shikai in the form of big presidential decree announced the regulations on the national currency and the national currency regulation enforcement rules, the main content is coin foundry distribution rights owned by the government of the republic of China, the original bureau casting issue each officer, 1 yuan silver, by the government of the republic of China to exchange and remold, in a period of time, admitted that their value is equal to the value of one yuan coin. The main coin of the state currency is 1 yuan silver, its weight is kuping pure silver six cents eight percent, the material is silver accounted for 89%, copper accounted for 10%, tin accounted for 1%, the weight of a finished silver is 7 cents 2 cents. Stipulate national coin kind has silver coin 4 kinds (one yuan, medium yuan, two horn, one horn), nickel coin one kind (5 cent), copper coin 5 kinds (2 cent, 1 cent, 5 centimes, 2 centimes, 1 centimetre). On the front, Yuan Shikai's profile head and issue date engraved, on the back, jiahe grain and currency. In the same year, the "National Coin Regulations" was first minted in the Tianjin Mint, and then minted in nanjing, Guangdong, Wuchang and other mints.

袁大头银币的正面图案,中间为袁世凯戎装左侧面像,民国3年版民国三八九十年袁大头壹圆 的上方为"中华民国三年",民国8、9、10年版的为"中华民国*年造";背面图案均是两株交叉的稻穗,中央为"壹圆"、"中圆"(伍角)、"贰角"、"壹角"字样,后几种上方分别有"每二枚当一圆"、"每伍枚当一圆"和"每十枚当一圆"的字样;正面镌袁世凯侧面头像及发行年号,背面铸嘉禾纹饰与币值,袁大头的官版的成色为89.1%;该币的外环主要是直齿边,另外,还铸有少量工字边和花齿边。在该系列币中,民国3年、9年、10年等一元币较为常见,民国八年的则较少些。但是,在民国三年的"袁大头"中,袁世凯"签字版"则出类拔萃地被收藏爱好者所钟爱。一类是民国三年天津造币厂试铸的意大利制版人的英文签字版;另一类是袁世凯的左侧面像后颈部位的签字版(大写英文L·GIORGI)。以上两类(5种)均为样品币,未曾正式流通使用,所以存世不多。

The frontal design of Yuan's silver coin, the middle is the left side image of Yuan Shikai's rong uniform. The top of yuan's silver coin in the 3rd year of the Republic of China is the "three years of the Republic of China". The eighth, ninth and tenth year of the Republic of China is the "year of the Republic of China". On the back are two intersecting ears of rice. In the center are the words "one yuan", "Middle yuan "(five jiao)," two jiao "and" one Jiao ". On the top are the words "every two should be a round", "Every five should be a round" and "every ten should be a round". On the front, Yuan Shikai's profile head and issue number engraved, on the back, Jiahe decoration and currency value were cast. The color of Yuan's official edition was 89.1%. The outer ring of the coin is mainly straight toothed edge, in addition, there are also a few cast I-shaped edge and flower toothed edge. In this series of COINS, 3 years, 9 years, 10 years and other single currency is more common, the republic of Eight years is less. However, in the three years of the "Yuan Big head", Yuan Shikai "signature version" is outstanding beloved by collectors. One is the English signature plate of the Italian plate maker, which was tri-cast by Tianjin Mint in the third year of the Republic of China. The other is a signed version (capital L·GIORGI) of Yuan Shikai's left profile in the posterior neck. The above two kinds (5 kinds) are sample COINS, which have not been used formally, so there are few in existence.

历史意义

"袁大头"在货币收藏界被称为银元之宝,它是中国近千种近代银币中流传最广、影响最大的银元品种,也是近代中国币制变革中的一个重要角色。光绪年间,由于各省铸造银元,却和当初铸造纹银一样,不仅重量和成色不能统一,数量上也难以控制。辛亥革命爆发,各省因急于用款,不仅加工赶铸银元,还滥铸铜圆,滥发钞票和军用票,币制更加混乱。

民国建立后,中央财政几乎有出无入,财政危机十分严重。从短期来说,发行纸币亦不失为敛财妙法,只是纸币是银元的代表者,是兑换券,若没有银元的充分准备和广泛流通,纸币信用亦难确立。此时此刻,币制改革已是刻不容缓---"袁大头"银元正是基于此而诞生的,也是银元发展的必然结果。经过多年铸造,加上其信誉很高,"袁大头"数量增多,流通渐广,虽僻处边陬,也有其踪迹。"袁大头"银元的通行促进了银元的统一,也为"废两改元"准备了条件。

十年版中的普通版,其图案文字与一般"袁大头"无大差别,铸量较大。另外有一些把"年"字中的一点写成一竖或"7"字形,但铸量较少。

袁大头普通币上面(正面)为袁世凯左侧五分像,上铸"中华民国X年"或"中华民国X年造"中文繁体,具有很高的历史文化研究价值,寓意"民主、共和、宪政及君主立宪"之思想希冀。

下面(背面)为嘉禾之图案, 古称生长奇异的禾,古人以之为吉祥的征兆。亦泛指生长茁壮的禾稻。典出《书·微子之命》:" 唐叔 得禾,异亩同颖,献诸天子。铸在钱币之上寓意国家重视农桑、以民生为本;其另一思想取其家和之谐音,寓意"家和万事兴"之意。铸币之上当政者有国泰民安、吉祥如意之愿景,民间收藏,寓意"家和万事兴"之吉祥之宝,故有很高的收藏研究价值。

Historical significanceYuan Tou is known as the treasure of silver COINS in the field of currency collection. It is the most widely circulated and influential silver coin among nearly a thousand kinds of modern silver COINS in China, and also an important role in the reform of modern Chinese currency system. During the Reign of Emperor Guangxu, as the silver COINS were cast in all provinces, they were the same as the original silver, not only the weight and color could not be unified, but also the quantity could not be controlled. When the Revolution of 1911 broke out, the provinces, in a rush to use money, not only processed and cast silver, but also made copper COINS, and issued notes and military bills, making the currency system even more chaotic.

After the establishment of the Republic of China, the central finance almost had no revenue, and the financial crisis was very serious. In the short term, the issue of paper money is also a way to accumulate wealth, but the paper money is the representative of the silver dollar, is a voucher, without the full preparation and widespread circulation of silver, paper money credit is difficult to establish. At this moment, the currency reform is urgent -" Yuan Tai "silver was born on this basis, is also the inevitable result of the development of the silver. With the years to develop and its high reputation, the number of "Yuan's big head" was increasing and its circulation was becoming more and more extensive. Although the Chou was lonely, it had its own features. The passage of Yuan Tou's silver COINS promoted the unification of the silver COINS and prepared the conditions for the replacement of the two COINS.

Ten years in the ordinary version of the version, its patterns and characters and the general "Yuan Dat" no big difference, the casting. Others write one point of the "year" in an vertical or "7" shape, but less cast.

The top (front) of yuan's coin is a five-cent image of Yuan Shikai on the left, with "X year of the Republic of China" or "X Year of the Republic of China" cast in traditional Chinese characters, which has high historical and cultural research value and implies the ideological hope of "democracy, republic, constitutionalism and monarchy".

Below (back) for the pattern of jiahe, the ancient growth of strange grass, the ancients to it as a sign of good luck. Also generally refers to the vigorous growth of paddy rice. The book "Book · The Life of Wei Son" :" Uncle Tang received he, different acres with ying, presented to the sons of Heaven. Cast on the coin implies that the country attaches importance to agriculture and mulberry, with people's livelihood as this; His other thought takes the homophonic of "home and harmony", which means "home and everything goes well". On the coin, those in power have a vision of prosperity, peace and good fortune. Folk collection implies the auspicious treasure of "a prosperous family and everything", so it has a high value of collection and research.

此件藏品为四川中宝元拍卖有限公司征集到新加坡拍场核心推荐藏品,欢迎各位藏友莅临新加坡拍场咨询竞拍,机会难得!


This collection is the core recommended collection of this  Singapore Auction. Welcome to come to  Singapore Auction for consultation and auction. It's a rare opportunity!

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