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2020年迪拜拍卖精品推荐会-----开国纪念币孙小头

http://www.baidu.com/ 2020-08-15 19:41

孙中山开国纪念银币,俗称小头,是民国时期流通的货币之一。是第一枚将大总统头像替换皇家龙图的国币。就任临时大总统,上缘“中华民国”下缘“开国纪念币”为碑刻隶书体无疑,然细观之,背中央直读“壹圆”字样体似隶非隶,似楷非楷,民国14年,国民政府又在广州成立,民国15年迁武汉,民国16年(公元1927年)定都南京。为纪念国父孙中山丰功伟绩,中央所铸货币均用国父像,南京、天津诸造币厂于民国16年、17年重新铸造中华民国孙像开国纪念币。由于该币正背面图案比较正规,中英文没有差错,又设置六角星,故称其为普通六角星版。由于当时发行量很少,导致目前存世量更少,有很高的收藏价值。民国十六年北伐战争胜利,国民政府定都南京,南京造币厂先取原模,重铸孙中山开国纪念币,后又改动币背面的英文和花边(六角星),铸成新版,俗称“小头”。成为旧中国的主要流通货币。中华民国开国纪念币是1911年12月29 日经辛亥革命后,光复的17省代表在南京推选孙中山为中华民国临时大总统。民国成立时鼓铸的纪念币。由于币制尚未建立,除四川改铸大汉银币,福建改铸中华元宝外,主要的造币厂,大都仍沿用前清钢模铸造银币,以供流通需要。由于币制混乱,临时政府财政部长陈锦涛,于民国元年3月11日呈文大总统孙中山,鼓铸10万元纪念银币以为整顿。图案采用大总统孙中山肖像,以后的通用银币再改花纹式样。孙中山令财政部行文,同意鼓铸纪念币,并命令其余的通用银币新花纹,“中间应绘五谷模型,取丰岁足民之义,垂劝农务本之规”,训令财政部速制新模,分令各省造币厂照式鼓铸。不久,财政部就颁下新模给江南(南京)、湖北、广东等造币厂依式铸造,这就是“中华民国孙中山像开国纪念币”的由来。中华民国开国纪念币孙小头壹圆,属机制币,形制规整,造型精巧,色泽纯正明亮,包浆自然醇厚,正反纹饰清晰,非常难得。钱币设计独特,构图新颖,正面珠圈内为孙中山侧面肖像,鼻梁高挺,目视前方,刻画细致;珠圈外上端环有“中华民国”四字,下端铸有“开国纪念币”五字,字体样式美观,引人注目,左右各饰长枝花。钱币背面正中央“壹圆”二字十分显目,下方以两支嘉禾装饰,珠圈外环绕“MEMENTO”(汉译为纪念币)和“BIRTH OF REPUBLIC OF CHINA”(汉译为中华民国诞生)英文字样,左右上侧分列六角星。众所周知,1911年辛亥革命胜利,清帝被迫退位,孙中山等人成立了中国民国。同时,颁布的政令中指出要另邗新模,鼓铸纪念币。因此,武昌和南京两处造币厂铸造了中华民国开国纪念币,其中以铜元辅币,以十文面值为主,在全国大量发行,目的在于取代清朝铜元。孙中山开国纪念银币,俗称小头,是民国时期流通的主要货币之一。是第一枚将大总统头像替换皇家龙图的国币,这意味着宣告清王朝统治的结束,中国从此进入共和制的新纪年。此外,币面镌刻中英文字,意在告知外国人,中国新的开放时代来临。在集藏领域,向来对重大历史事件高度敏感的金银币收藏市场,会赋予藏品独特的价值,它的行情也会顺势火爆。


Sun Yat-sen's founding commemorative silver coin, commonly known as the small head, was one of the currencies in circulation during the Republic of China. It is the first national currency to replace the royal dragon with the head of the president. As the interim president, the upper edge of the "Republic of China" and the lower edge of the "founding commemorative coin" are inscribed in official script. It is undoubtedly that when you look closely, reading "Yiyuan" from the center of the body seems to be non-li, like regular but not regular In 2014, the Nationalist Government was established in Guangzhou, and moved to Wuhan in the 15th year of the Republic of China. In the 16th year of the Republic of China (AD 1927), the capital was established in Nanjing. In order to commemorate the great achievements of Sun Yat-sen, the central government used the statue of Sun Yat-sen in all coins. The Nanjing and Tianjin mints re-minted the commemorative coins of the founding of the Sun of the Republic of China in 16 and 17 of the Republic of China. Since the pattern on the front and back of the coin is relatively regular, there is no error in Chinese and English, and a six-pointed star is set, so it is called the ordinary six-pointed star version. Since the circulation was very small at that time, the current surviving volume is even smaller and it has a high collection value. After the victory of the Northern Expedition in the 16th year of the Republic of China, the National Government decided the capital of Nanjing. The Nanjing Mint first took the original model and recast the Sun Yat-sen's founding commemorative coin. Later, the English and lace (hexagonal star) on the back of the coin were changed into a new version, commonly known as "Little head". It became the main currency in circulation in old China. The commemorative coin for the founding of the Republic of China is that on December 29, 1911, after the Revolution of 1911, representatives of the 17 provinces recovered in Nanjing elected Sun Yat-sen as the interim president of the Republic of China. A commemorative coin cast during the founding of the Republic of China. Since the currency system has not yet been established, except for the re-casting of Dahan silver coins in Sichuan and the re-casting of Chinese ingots in Fujian, most of the major mints still use Qianqing steel molds to cast silver coins for circulation. Due to the chaos in the currency system, the Minister of Finance of the Provisional Government, Chen Jintao, submitted a letter to the President Sun Yat-sen on March 11, the first year of the Republic of China, to cast a 100,000 yuan commemorative silver coin for rectification. The pattern adopts the portrait of President Sun Yat-sen, and the pattern will be changed in future general silver coins. Sun Yat-sen ordered the Ministry of Finance to write a letter, agreeing to encourage the casting of commemorative coins, and ordered the rest of the common silver coins with new patterns, "the middle should be painted with a grain model, taking the meaning of the rich and full of people, and persuading the rules of agricultural affairs." The new model will be cast by the mints in each province. Soon, the Ministry of Finance issued new molds to mints in Jiangnan (Nanjing), Hubei, Guangdong and other mints according to the method. The commemorative coin for the founding of the Republic of China, Sun Xiaotou, is a machine-made coin with a regular shape, exquisite shape, pure and bright color, natural and mellow patina, and clear front and back patterns. It is very rare. The coin design is unique and the composition is novel. The front bead ring is a profile portrait of Sun Yat-sen, the nose is high, and the front is visible, and the depiction is meticulous; the upper ring of the outer bead ring has the four characters "Republic of China", and the five characters "commemorative coin of the founding of the nation" cast on the lower end , The font style is beautiful and eye-catching, with long branches on the left and right. The two characters "One Yuan" in the center of the back of the coin are very conspicuous. The lower part is decorated with two golden harvests. The bead ring is surrounded by "MEMENTO" (Chinese translation for commemorative coin) and "BIRTH OF REPUBLIC OF CHINA" (Chinese translation for the birth of the Republic of China). ) English words, with six-pointed stars on the left and right. As we all know, in 1911, when the 1911 Revolution was triumphant, the Qing emperor was forced to abdicate, and Sun Yat-sen and others established the Republic of China. At the same time, the issued decree pointed out that it would be necessary to create a new model for commemorative coins. Therefore, the two mints in Wuchang and Nanjing minted the commemorative coins for the founding of the Republic of China. Among them, the copper yuan coins were mainly issued in ten denominations, and they were issued in large numbers throughout the country to replace the Qing Dynasty copper yuan. Sun Yat-sen's founding commemorative silver coin, commonly known as the small head, was one of the main currencies in circulation during the Republic of China. It was the first national currency to replace the royal dragon with the head of the president. This meant that the Qing Dynasty ruled the end and China entered a new era of republic. In addition, Chinese and English characters are engraved on the currency surface to inform foreigners that China's new era of opening up is coming. In the field of collection, the gold and silver coin collection market, which has always been highly sensitive to major historical events, will endow collections with unique value, and its market will also be popular.


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